What are the causes and treatment for gum recession?

by Riverside Heights Dental January 19th, 2023 in Dental Services
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Gum recession is when your gums start to pull back or shrink away from your teeth.

At first you might notice your teeth appear longer. This look bothers some people and is one reason some seek treatment at our north Surrey dental practice.

If gums recede far enough, the root of your tooth or teeth becomes exposed. Exposed roots can cause pain or sensitivity to touch (ie. when brushing your teeth), to hot or cold temperatures, or even to certain flavours like sweet or spicy. The sensation can vary from mild discomfort to intense pain.

Causes of gum recession

  • Brushing too hard
  • Brushing too often
  • Hard-bristled brush
  • Periodontal disease

Gum recession is caused by a number of factors, including brushing your teeth too hard, over brushing, using a hard-bristled toothbrush and periodontal disease (poor oral hygiene, smoking, and alcohol increase the risk of periodontal disease which leads to inflammation, which, in turn, causes gum recession).

Treatment for gum recession

  • Cleaning
  • Address habits leading to recession
  • Gum grafts

Any time there is inflammation, the gums will react. Seeing one of our hygienists to remove bacterial buildup will help to keep inflammation down. We can also recommend a suitable toothbrush and show you how to use it so it won’t harm your gums. And, reducing or eliminating smoking and drinking helps reduce the risk of periodontal disease.

Fortunately, it is possible to replace some of the gum that has receded around a tooth or a few isolated teeth. The procedure is called a gum graft. It is achieved by removing a small amount of tissue from the palate to place over the root surface. The graft is stitched into that location and eventually heals into place.

This is a very basic overview of gum recession and treatments. We are always available to answer questions at our north Surrey dental practice. Give us a call anytime.

Riverside Heights Dental Centre is located not far from Fraser Heights and the Guildford area of Surrey. Book an appointment or call: 604584-2535