Can bone loss in teeth through gum disease be reversed?
Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, occurs when plaque builds up along and under the gum line. Bacteria in the plaque cause damage to the surrounding teeth and gums. The Canadian Dental Association says most Canadians will experience gum disease in their lifetime.
In its mild form, called gingivitis, you may have bad breath, your gums become red and infected and may even bleed when brushing or flossing. If left to progress, gums recede from your teeth and bone loss starts to occur. Bone loss is irreversible, which makes prevention critical.
How can I prevent gum disease?
Brush at least twice a day.
With a regular or powered toothbrush and fluoridated toothpaste, brush for at least two minutes twice a day.
Floss daily to remove particles from between the teeth.
There are many types of floss to choose from, including waxed, unwaxed and tape. There’s even water flossing. It’s best to choose one that works best for your teeth and will get you flossing regularly.
Use mouthwash to kill bacteria and reduce plaque build-up
Whether your mouthwash contains alcohol or not, be sure its active ingredients help get rid of bacteria that cause gum disease. The Canadian Dental Association has a list of validated mouthwashes to help you choose.
Seek regular dental care
A trip to the dentist every six months is a good guide. Making more or fewer visits will depend or your oral health and any problems being treated. Professional dental care is a vital step in the prevention and management of gum disease.